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How Ebola Spread: Map Could Aid Outbreak Responses

submitted by George Hurlburt

          

CLICK HERE - STUDY - Transmission network of the 2014–2015 Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone

livescience.com - by Agata Blaszczak-Boxe - November 10, 2015

A new map reveals the path that the Ebola virus took during the outbreak in Sierra Leone, giving a detailed picture of how and where the disease spread, a new study said.

The researchers made the map using a new statistical model, and they say it could be used in the future to improve the way help is delivered to outbreak regions.

"For a future outbreak, this is something that can be readily applied to help identify the regions that need intervention most critically," said study author Jeffrey Shaman, an associate professor of environmental health sciences at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. The model could help authorities figure out where to best deploy people to respond to the outbreak, he said.

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One Year Later, Where Does the U.S. Response to Ebola Stand?

Date: 
Monday, November 23, 2015 -
10:30 to 12:00

Location

United States
31° 43' 41.4012" N, 148° 32' 6.5616" W

kff.org - November 9, 2015

On Nov. 23 at 9:30 a.m. ET, the Kaiser Family Foundation will hold a policy briefing to take stock of the U.S. response with a panel that includes representatives from the U.S. government, highly affected countries in West Africa, and non-governmental organizations working in the region. In addition, the Foundation will release a new analysis of U.S. government funding for Ebola.

Each 1-Day Delay in Hospitalization Ups Risk of Ebola Death

US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT HEALTHDAY NEWS by Robert Preidt,  Nov. 6, 2015

Ebola patients are more likely to survive if they are hospitalized soon after being infected, a new study finds.

Researchers analyzed data from nearly 1,000 cases of Ebola virus that occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo over 38 years. They found that each day of delay in hospital admission was associated with an 11 percent higher risk of death during epidemics.

Delays in hospitalization were caused by factors such as geography, infrastructure and cultural influences, the researchers said.

The Democratic Republic of Congo has had more Ebola outbreaks than any other country since the deadly virus was discovered in 1976, they noted.

The researchers also found that rapidly progressing Ebola outbreaks are swiftly brought under control, while national and international responses to slower-progressing outbreaks tend to be less intense. As a result, those outbreaks last longer, the study authors said.

The study was published Nov. 3 in the journal eLife.

Read complete story.

http://health.usnews.com/health-news/articles/2015/11/06/each-1-day-delay-in-hospitalization-ups-risk-of-ebola-death

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Sierra Leone Declared Free of Ebola Transmissions

NEW YORK TIMES by and      Nov. 7, 2015

DAKAR, Senegal — After a nerve-racking countdown, Sierra Leone celebrated a national milestone on Saturday that government officials hoped would help the country finally leave behind a grim chapter in its history: it was officially declared free of Ebola transmissions.

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The Last Place on Earth With Ebola: Getting Guinea to Zero

NEW YORK TIMES by Dionne Searcey          Nov. 7, 2015

TANA, Guinea  ....

This is the last known place on Earth with Ebola.

After nearly 22 months and more than 11,300 deaths worldwide, the deadliest Ebola epidemic in history has come down to a handful of cases in a cluster of villages in rural Guinea, the country where the outbreak began.

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WHO - Ebola - Situation Reports - Interagency Collaboration on Ebola

                    

                                                   who.int                                                       ebolaresponse.un.org

Ebola Situation Reports:

CLICK HERE -WHO - Ebola Situation Report - 28 October 2015

CLICK HERE -  Interagency Collaboration on Ebola - Situation Report - 21 October 2015 (7 page .PDF report)

CLICK ON THE LINKS BELOW - WHO - Report Archives
http://apps.who.int/ebola/ebola-situation-reports
http://apps.who.int/ebola/ebola-situation-reports-archive
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/ebola/situation-reports/archive/en/
http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.ebola-sitrep

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New Cases of Ebola - Guinea

ambafrance-gn.org - Embassy of France in Conakry
 
 
Ebola Situation Report - November 2, 2015
GUINEA - Forécariah - New cases since the last report of 29 October (evolution over 4 days): 1 new case, 0 new death.
 
Ebola Situation Report - October 26, 2015
GUINEA - Forécariah - New cases since the last report of 23 October (changes over 3 days): 3 new cases, 0 new deaths
http://www.ambafrance-gn.org/Ebola-point-de-situation-au-26-octobre-2015
 
Ebola Situation Report - October 19, 2015
GUINEA - Forécariah - New cases since the last report of 16 October (changes over 3 days): 1 new case, new death 0
http://www.ambafrance-gn.org/Ebola-point-de-situation-au-19-octobre-2015
 
Ebola Situation Report - October 16, 2015
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Ebola Returns: 2nd Case of Relapse Raises Questions

A microscopic view of the Ebola virus. Credit: CDC/Cynthia Goldsmith/Public Health Image LibraryImage: A microscopic view of the Ebola virus. Credit: CDC/Cynthia Goldsmith/Public Health Image Library

livescience.com - October 20th, 2015 - Ashley P. Taylor

Scottish nurse Pauline Cafferkey — who became sick with Ebola about a year ago and recovered, but then became very ill again last week with what may be a relapse of the deadly virus — is now improving.

"Pauline Cafferkey's condition has improved to serious but stable," representatives from London's Royal Free Hospital said in a statement Monday (Oct. 19).

Hospital representatives said on Oct. 9 that the nurse had developed an "unusual late complication" of the virus, and reported last week that she was "critically ill."

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Mystery Deaths in Sierra Leone Spread Fear of Ebola Relapses

submitted by George Hurlburt

      

Sierra Leonean doctors practice wearing protective clothing in the Ebola Training Academy in Freetown, Sierra Leone, December 16, 2014. Reuters

uk.reuters.com - by Kemo Cham and Emma Farge - October 21, 2015

. . . the case of Scottish nurse Pauline Cafferkey – the first known Ebola survivor to have an apparently life-threatening relapse – has revived concerns about the health of some 17,000 survivors in Sierra Leone, neighbouring Guinea and Liberia.

Doctors and health officials in Sierra Leone told Reuters that a handful of mystery deaths among discharged patients may also be types of Ebola relapses, stirring fear that the deadly virus may last far longer than previously thought in the body, causing other potentially lethal complications.

Diagnoses have not been made, partly because of a lack of relevant medical training and insufficient equipment for detecting a virus that can hide in inaccessible corners of the body - such as the spinal fluid or eyeball. In Cafferkey's case, the virus in her brain caused meningitis.

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Ebola outbreak in West Africa 22 months on: Key issues for recovery and preparedness, October 2015

                                                                     

acaps.org

Ebola Project, Thematic Report: Key issues for recovery and preparedness, Oct 2015 (3 page .PDF file)
http://acaps.org/img/documents/e-acaps-ebola-project-thematic-report-key-issues-for-recovery-and-preparedness-oct-2015.pdf

ACAPS - Thematic Reports
http://acaps.org/en/pages/ebola-project-sep-dec-2015-thematic-reports

 

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