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Keeping Zika Out Of Your Neighborhood

by Philip K. Stoddard, Ph.D. - Mayor of South Miami & Professor of Biological Sciences - Florida International University

Tactics for keeping out Zika

1. Keep Aedes aegypti from breeding in your house and yard by eliminating all standing water (see checklist on other side).

2. Keep Aedes aegypti out of your house. Window and screens should have no gaps or holes. Move and empty your pet’s water dish every day when they don’t need it.

3. Avoid getting bitten outdoors.

Insect repellants with DEET repel flying mosquitoes and prevent them from biting. Long sleeves and trousers help. Electric fans help – Aedes aegypti is a weak flyer and likes still air.

4. Don’t let your neighbors down.

One person can provide mosquitoes for the whole neighborhood by not taking the precautions listed here.

CLICK HERE FOR ADDITIONAL IMPORTANT INFORMATION (2 page .PDF file)

 

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Anthrax Outbreak Triggered by Climate Change Sickens Dozens in Arctic Circle

Seventy-two nomadic herders, including 41 children, were hospitalised in far north Russia after the region began experiencing abnormally high temperatures

            

A family is seen 150km from the town of Salekhard, Russia on 2 May 2016. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

theguardian.com - by Alec Luhn - August 1, 2016

A 12-year-old boy in the far north of Russia has died in an outbreak of anthrax that experts believe was triggered when unusually warm weather caused the release of the bacteria.

The boy was one of 72 nomadic herders, including 41 children, hospitalised in the town of Salekhard in the Arctic Circle, after reindeer began dying en masse from anthrax.

Five adults and two other children have been diagnosed with the disease, which is known as “Siberian plague” in Russian and was last seen in the region in 1941.

More than 2,300 reindeer have died, and at least 63 people have been evacuated from a quarantine area around the site of the outbreak.

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Florida Confirms 10 More Zika Victims; CDC Issues Notice to Pregnant Women

           

Florida governor asks CDC to activate emergency response team following increase in Zika cases

CLICK HERE - CDC - Zika Virus - Advice for people living in or traveling to Wynwood, a neighborhood in Florida

weather.com - by Eric Chaney - August 1, 2016

The CDC issued an advisory Monday that says pregnant women should not travel to a so-called Zika "transmission area" near Miami, the same day governor Rick Scott announced there are 10 new infections of the Zika virus likely transmitted by mosquitoes, bringing the total in the state to 14.

The governor called on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to activate an Emergency Response Team to assist the Florida Department of Health and other partners in their investigation, sample collection, and mosquito control efforts.

(READ COMPLETE ARTICLE)

 

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Democrats demand Congress end its vacation to approve Zika funding

Senate minority leader Harry Reid, one of the senators who has demanded Republicans reconvene Congress for Zika funding. Photograph: Manuel Balce Ceneta/AP Image: Senate minority leader Harry Reid, one of the senators who has demanded Republicans reconvene Congress for Zika funding. Photograph: Manuel Balce Ceneta/AP

theguardian.com - July 31st 2016 - Joanna Walters

Senate Democrats have called for Congress to end its recess and immediately approve emergency funds for combating the Zika virus in America, after Florida reported its first cases of mosquito-borne infections on the mainland, and funding for mosquito nets for pregnant women started running low.

Near downtown Miami, teams of doctors were going door to door on Saturday to alert an estimated 30,000 residents, particularly pregnant women, of the risks of being bitten by local mosquitoes believed to be carrying the virus.

On Friday, Florida governor Rick Scott and the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed that four new cases of the disease in the Miami area were almost certainly contracted through local insect bites.

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Florida Health Officials Confirm Local Zika Transmission

submitted by Albert Gomez

           

cnn.com - by Debra Goldschmidt - July 29, 2016

(CNN) Four individuals in Miami-Dade and Broward counties have been infected with the Zika virus by local mosquitoes, Florida health officials said Friday.

These are the first known cases of the virus being transmitted by mosquitoes in the continental United States.

The unidentified individuals had not traveled to a Zika-affected area, had not had sexual contact with someone who had traveled to a place where the virus is circulating and had no other known exposure to the virus.

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(CLICK HERE FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION)

 

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Zika Virus: A Newly Emergent Vector-Borne Public Health Threat in the Americas

peerj.com

Pujhari S, Rasgon JL. (2016) Zika virus: A newly emergent vector-borne public health threat in the Americas. PeerJ PrePrints 4:e1781v1 https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.1781v1

Abstract

Zika virus is a newly emergent mosquito-borne flavivirus. Once almost ignored epidemiologically, recent major outbreaks and links to neurological birth defects have focused attention on this neglected pathogen. We review the discovery, biology and symptomatology of Zika virus, what is known and not known about the mosquitoes that transmit the virus, conspiracy theories currently hampering control efforts, and potential avenues of Zika control. It is likely that Zika virus is here to stay in the Americas, so a thorough understanding of the complete epidemiological transmission cycle and potential effects on the human population will be critical for managing this new disease in the coming years.

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Brazil: Zika in House Mosquitos Requires 'Radical Change'

crofsblogs.typepad.com - g1.globo.com - July 24, 2016

Transmission of Zika by house mosquito requires 'radical change' in control measures

Biologist Constância Ayres, of Fiocruz Pernambuco, has made an unprecedented discovery that has the potential to provide a leap in scientists' knowledge of the Zika virus, and radically change the Brazilian strategy of preventing it.

Ayres succeeded in finding for the first time, mosquitoes carrying the virus in nature.

On Thursday, Fiocruz officially announced that the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus, known as muriçoca or house mosquito, can also transmit the virus that causes microcephaly and malformations in babies.

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via Google Translate

Zika transmission by common stilt requires 'radical change' in control measures

Scientists at Fiocruz Pernambuco met for the first time this type of mosquitoes carrying the Zika in nature - now analyze how effective it is in its transmission among humans.

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Zika is Found in Common Culex Mosquitos, Signaling a Potentially Larger Risk

           

Jamilly Vitoria Santos da Silva, center, stands next to her mother, Rebeca Arruda as they wash a dog in a bucket in a favela as members of the Brazilian military along with health care workers to talk to residents about the threat of Zika virus. (Matt McClain/The Washington Post)

CLICK HERE - Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) - Fiocruz identifies Culex in Recife with the potential to transmit the virus zika (translation to English provided below)

washingtonpost.com - by Dom Phillips - July 21, 2016

RIO DE JANEIRO — Brazilian researchers said Thursday they have found Zika in Culex mosquitoes in the northeastern city of Recife in what could prove to be an important discovery. But they cautioned that more study was needed.

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via Google Translate

Fiocruz identifies Culex in Recife with the potential to transmit the virus zika

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CDC - MMWR - Incident Management Systems and Building Emergency Management Capacity During the 2014–2016 Ebola Epidemic - Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea

cdc.gov - July 8, 2016

Summary

Establishing a functional incident management system (IMS) is important in the management of public health emergencies. In response to the 2014–2016 Ebola virus disease (Ebola) epidemic in West Africa, CDC established the Emergency Management Development Team (EMDT) to coordinate technical assistance for developing emergency management capacity in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. EMDT staff, deployed staff, and partners supported each country to develop response goals and objectives, identify gaps in response capabilities, and determine strategies for coordinating response activities. To monitor key programmatic milestones and assess changes in emergency management and response capacities over time, EMDT implemented three data collection methods in country: coordination calls, weekly written situation reports, and an emergency management dashboard tool. On the basis of the information collected, EMDT observed improvements in emergency management capacity over time in all three countries. The collaborations in each country yielded IMS structures that streamlined response and laid the foundation for long-term emergency management programs.

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Florida May Have Its First Zika Virus Outbreak

           

Marvin Recinos / AFP / Getty Images

CLICK HERE - Florida Department of Health - Investigating Possible Non-Travel Related Case of Zika

CLICK HERE - Newsroom - Miami-Dade County - Florida Department of Health

nbcnews.com - by Maggie Fox - July 19, 2016

Florida health officials said Tuesday they were investigating a possible case of Zika that wasn't carried back by a traveler.

If it's confirmed, it would be the first evidence that Zika has spread to mosquitoes in the continental U.S. All cases up to now have been in people who traveled to Zika-affected regions or their sexual partners.

(READ COMPLETE ARTICLE)

ALSO SEE RELATED ARTICLE HERE - STAT - Zika case in Florida could have come from local mosquito, a first in continental US

 

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