Budapest Migrant Standoff Enters Second Night

         

Hundreds of families have set up camp underneath Budapest's eastern station

Hundreds of migrants are in a standoff with police for a second night outside a Budapest railway station.

bbc.com - September 2, 2015

Earlier, scuffles broke out between the two sides as frustration among migrants boiled over outside Keleti station.

Many of the migrants have tickets and are insisting they be allowed to travel on to Germany and other countries, but Hungary says it is enforcing EU rules.

Meanwhile, Germany, Italy and France have called for "fair distribution" of refugees throughout the EU.

In a joint declaration, the country's three foreign ministers also called for Europe's asylum laws to be revised, the Italian foreign ministry said in a statement (in Italian).

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422,000 Besieged Syrians Didn't Get Food Aid In July, It's World's 'Largest Humanitarian Crisis:' UN

      

BARAA AL-HALABI via Getty Images

There were challenges due to conflict, insecurity and deliberate obstructions.

huffingtonpost.com - AP - by Edith M. Lederer - August 26, 2015

UNITED NATIONS (AP) -- Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon accused all parties in the Syrian conflict of "indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks" on civilians and said the U.N. and its partners couldn't deliver food to 422,000 people in besieged areas in July.

Ban said in his monthly report to the U.N. Security Council circulated Tuesday that access to the 4.6 million Syrians in hard-to-reach areas - most controlled by Islamic State extremists - remains a critical concern with extremely limited humanitarian access.

He said U.N. agencies and their partners reached only 29 of the 127 hard-to-reach locations last month, and in the besieged areas, the only aid that arrived was a trickle of health assistance to 1.8 percent of the population.

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Sierra Leone Quarantines 50 Following Latest Ebola Death

VOICE OF AMERICA by James Butty  Sept. 2, 2015

 Sierra Leone Tuesday quarantined 50 people in the northern district of Kambia, where a 76 year-old woman died over the weekend from Ebola. The country had just celebrated the release from the hospital of its last known Ebola patient.

Abdulai Bayraytay, national publicity and outreach coordinator in the office of Sierra Leone’s government spokesman, told VOA the good news so far is that no one else has shown symptoms of the virus.

But Bayraytay said the woman’s death re-emphasizes the government’s warning for Sierra Leoneans to be vigilant, not intransigent....

The woman who died was supposedly sick for 5 to 10 days without the authorities knowing of her situation. Still, Bayraytay said there is a remote possibility Sierra Leone may see new cases of Ebola

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http://www.voanews.com/content/sierra-leone-quarantines-50-following-latest-ebola-death/2941906.html

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Assessing the Potential Role of Pigs in the Epidemiology of Ebola Virus in Uganda

Ebolavirus, animal - Uganda: porcine, epidemiological assessment

CLICK HERE - Assessing the Potential Role of Pigs in the Epidemiology of Ebola Virus in Uganda

promedmail.org - September 2, 2015

Summary

Uganda has experienced 4 Ebola outbreaks since the discovery of the virus. Recent epidemiological work has shown pigs are hosts for ebolaviruses. Due to their high reproduction rates, rapid weight gain, potential to provide quick financial returns, and rising demand for pork, pig production in Uganda has undergone massive expansion. The combination of pork sector growth supported by development programmes and Ebola virus risk prompted a foresight exercise using desk, interview, and spatial methods. The study found that the lack of serological evidence for specific reservoir species, the number of human index cases unable to account for their source of infection, domestic pig habitat overlap with potential Ebola virus zoonotic host environments, reported interactions at the human-pig-wildlife interface that could support transmission, fever in pigs as a commonly reported problem by pig farmers, and temporal correlation of outbreaks with peak pork consumption periods, warrants further research into potential zoonotic transmission in Uganda from pigs.

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Mano River Union (MRU) Countries Recommend Information Sharing

thenewdawnliberia.com - by Ben P. Wesee - Editing by Jonathan Browne -September 1, 2015

The four Mano River Union or MRU countries – Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Ivory Coast have issued a joint communiqué in Monrovia, calling for information sharing, experiences and good practices during and after health emergencies in order to collaborate and network with local and international partners in the sub-region.

In a just ended conference here on the Ebola Virus Disease or EVD, the MRU countries also advanced several recommendations. Delegates from the four countries recommended in the communiqué a need to develop a harmonized framework for adherence to ethical standards during health disasters with appropriate and approved mechanisms for vaccines, therapeutic agents and testing methods.

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Interagency Collaboration on Ebola - Situation Report - 1 September 2015

                                                       

Ebola Situation Reports:

CLICK HERE -  Interagency Collaboration on Ebola - Situation Report - 1 September 2015 (7 page .PDF report)

CLICK HERE - Report Archives - Interagency Collaboration on Ebola

Note:

The numbers of suspected Ebola cases have increased by 2 in Guinea, and by 6 in Sierra Leone per the Aug. 30 data as compared to the August 29 data.

August 30 data (Published September 1)
http://apps.who.int/gho/data/view.ebola-sitrep.ebola-summary-20150901?lang=en

August 29 data (Published August 31)
http://apps.who.int/gho/data/view.ebola-sitrep.ebola-summary-20150831?lang=en

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Scientists Discover New Use for an Old Therapy Inhibiting Deadly Pathogens Including Ebola and Anthrax

                                                     

CLICK HERE - RESEARCH - Identification of agents effective against multiple toxins and viruses by host-oriented cell targeting

prweb.com - by Cynthia Lujan - September 1, 2015

A new host-based therapy for Ebola, anthrax and other deadly infectious diseases has been discovered by researchers at the Keck Graduate Institute and its collaborators. The discovery has the potential to speed to market treatments for previously untreatable diseases.

The findings were published online on August 27 by Scientific Reports, an open access research journal from the publishers of Nature.

The lead authors of the story were Leoor Zilberminitz and William Leonardi, doctoral students in KGI laboratory of assistant professor Mikhail Martchenko. The researchers screened a library of 1,581 drugs previously approved by the FDA for in vitro protection of mammalian cells against Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin and diphtheria toxin, which normally kill 50-70% of unprotected cells. They then investigated the 1% most promising compounds that both provided the best protection against the two toxins and were not toxic to uninfected cells.

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Grey Swan Hurricanes Pose Future Storm Surge Threat

         

About 80 percent of New Orleans was flooded when Hurricane Katrina's storm surge overwhelmed the city's levees.
Credit: Kelly Garbato/flickr

climatecentral.org - by Andrea Thompson - September 1, 2015

Black swans are catastrophic events that no one sees coming, while “grey swans,” as the are known, are extreme events for which there’s no historical precedent, but that could still potentially be predicted. A new study takes this concept into the realm of weather and climate, finding that global warming might sharply increase the odds of grey swan hurricanes and storm surge over the coming century.

While such tempests would still remain relatively rare, they could pose unrecognized but potentially serious threats to coastal areas like Tampa, Fla., and Dubai, with storm surge totals reaching into the double digits when measured in feet.

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CLICK HERE - STUDY - Grey swan tropical cyclones

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USAID Pumps US$290K in Recovery Plan for Ebola Survivors

submitted by Gavin Macgregor-Skinner

           

SFCG’s Director Bloh (L) and participants of the workshop (R)

liberianobserver.com - by Joaquin Sendolo - August 31, 2015

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has provided US$290,000 through IREX to Search for Common Ground (SFCG) to sensitize communities on the negative impacts stigma makes on Ebola survivors.

Since the outbreak of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia, those who survived the disease have reportedly suffered stigma in various communities, thus causing them to feel discriminated against.

The stigma comes about because of fear that survivors could still be transmit[ting] the virus when they are touched since it is one way of contracting EVD.

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China's Market Convulsions Threaten Petrostates from Russia to Venezuela

             

latinamericanpost.com - by Keith Johnson - August 29, 2015

The Chinese contagion that sparked “Black Monday” is especially worrisome for crude oil prices, which this summer were thought to have finally found a floor after a year of steady price declines. But that floor suddenly looks rotten: U.S. benchmark crude prices fell well below $40 a barrel on Monday, their lowest levels since the depths of the global financial crisis.

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Sierra Leone: Officials Confirm New Ebola Death 6 Days After Discharging Last Known Patient

usnews.com - Associated Press (AP) - by CLARENCE ROY-MACAULAY - August 30, 2015

FREETOWN, Sierra Leone (AP) — Health officials in Sierra Leone on Sunday confirmed an Ebola death less than a week after the country's last known patient was discharged from a hospital.

Samples from the body of a 67-year-old woman who died recently in Kambia district in the country's north came back positive for the deadly disease, said chief medical officer Dr. Brima Kargbo. . . .

. . . The National Ebola Response Center had deployed teams to conduct surveillance and trace people who were in contact with the woman, said OB Sisay, the center's director.

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Scientists Take Huge Step Toward Universal Flu Vaccine

         

An illustration of the flu virus.   Credit: Sebastian Kaulitzki/Getty Images

CLICK HERE - Nature Medicine - Hemagglutinin-stem nanoparticles generate heterosubtypic influenza protection

CLICK HERE - Science - A stable trimeric influenza hemagglutinin stem as a broadly protective immunogen

The yearly flu shot could soon be a thing of the past.

huffingtonpost.com - by Joe Satran - August 28, 2015

A universal flu vaccine -- one that provides immunity against every strain of the influenza virus for multiple years -- is the holy grail of flu research. It would be a medical breakthrough on the order of penicillin, with the potential to save hundreds of thousands of lives every year. And scientists just got one crucial step closer to making it a reality.

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CLICK HERE - BBC - Flu Vaccine Breakthrough Claim by Scientists

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Guinea Extends Ebola Ring Vaccine Trial to Sierra Leone

allafrica.com - August 24, 2015

Freetown — The Guinean Ebola Ring Vaccine Trial has been extended to Sierra Leone as a move to stop the transmission across the region.

Addressing participants in the opening ceremony of the training session at the Brookfields Hotel Conference Hall in Freetown, the WHO Ebola Technical Coordinator Sierra Leone, Dr. Margaret Lamumu said prior to the extension of the vaccine to Sierra Leone the Ministry of Health and Sanitation and WHO Joint Team visited five sites to make available the vaccine study, adding that expert trainers from the UK were targeted to do the training. . . .

. . . The Chief Medical Officer, Dr. Brima Kargbo said the use of the vaccine would help break the chain of transmission, stressing the need to work collectively as a team to control the spread of the disease.

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(CLICK HERE - For Additional Information)

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CDC Updates Ebola PPE Guidance for U.S. Health Care Facilities

CDC - American Hospital Association - August 27, 2015

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention today issued updated guidance regarding personal protective equipment for health care personnel caring for suspected and confirmed Ebola patients in U.S. health care facilities. The changes clarify the use of fluid-resistant and impermeable gowns and coveralls, and provide specifications to assist facilities in selecting and ordering the recommended garments. The updates also provide additional explanation related to PPE for confirmed Ebola patients. For more information, see the updated PPE Frequently Asked Questions.

http://news.aha.org/article/150827-cdc-updates-ebola-ppe-guidance-for-us-health-care-facilities

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Interagency Collaboration on Ebola - Situation Report - 25-26 August 2015 - WHO

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